The Basic Digital Photography Lenses
Digital cameras have made taking photos easy you can set them to Auto and just point and shoot. What is being forgotten is that the camera can only apply the settings to the image it receives and that depends purely on the type of lens being used. It is easy to get confused over the huge number of different types of lenses available but to start with all you need are 4 the rest can follow as your needs for even better photos increases.
When you buy a camera it will probably come with a standard general purpose lens fitted one with a focal length of 35 70 mm. This is a point and shoot lens and will produce good photos in any conditions but usually not great ones.
To get good pictures of object at a distance and for landscape, nature and sporting photos, where you want to appear to be close to the action, you will need a medium range telephoto lens. These lenses are also good for taking close up and portrait pictures as the object or person you are focusing on will be to be standing out from the background and this will add character to the photos. The medium telephoto lens can be used in many ways and some professional photographers use is as their main lens since an interesting range of effects can be achieved by changing the perspectives. Medium telephoto lenses are available in with a focal length range of 85 135 mm.
If you are into real long range outdoor photography you will need a full telephoto lens. With focal lengths beginning at 135 mm and exceeding 300 mm, these are the only lenses you can use when you want clear and sharp images of distant objects. Long telephoto lens can also be used for medium range work when you need to highlight a part of a distant object and the point of focus will make that aspect of the composition stand out.
The last of your four basic digital photography lenses is the wide angle lens with a focal length of less than 50 mm. This is the only lens to use if you want to capture wide sweeping landscapes or get panoramic views. You can use a wide angle lens for group picture against expansive backgrounds as the lens will make the group appear to stand out from the background.